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Modelling and Specifying Software Systems with Alloy (tutorial)


Alloy is both a modelling and specifying language of software systems, and a tool to automatically check the consistency of descriptions. Alloy uses sets and set relations to describe the high-level structure of systems, and a first-order relational logic to enrich models with more specific properties. A similar methodology is followed by software engineers when using OCL to complete the UML descriptions with more detailed features that improve the specifications. Alloy is able to construct and analyze the consistency of static specifications of complex systems, producing snapshots of possible model instances. In addition,Alloy can also describe dynamic specifications that show how the system may evolve over time when executing transitions. In this tutorial, we present the main features of the language and illustrate them by means of an example consisting in the specification and modelling of Software-Defined Networks. The example is sufficiently complex to permit the use of the most significant Alloy constructors.

Palabras Clave:

Modelling language Alloy - SAT solvers - Software defined networks





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