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El autor Jorge Lobo ha publicado 4 artículo(s):

1 - Reasoning about policy behavior in logic-based trust management systems: Some complexity results and an operational framework

In this paper we show that the logical framework proposed by Becker et al. [1] to reason about security policy behavior in a trust management context can be captured by an operational framework that is based on the language proposed by Miller in 1989 to deal with scoping and/or modules in logic programming. The framework of Becker et al. uses propositional Horn clauses to represent both policies and credentials, implications in clauses are interpreted in counterfactual logic, a Hilbertstyle proof system is defined and a system based on SAT is used to prove whether properties about credentials, permissions and policies are valid, i.e. true under all possible policies. Our contributions in this paper are three. First, we show that this kind of validation can rely on an operational semantics (derivability relation) of a language very similar to Miller’s language, which is very close to derivability in logic programs. Second, we are able to establish that, as in propositional logic, validity of formulas is a co-NP-complete problem. And third, we present a provably correct implementation of a goal-oriented algorithm for validity.

Autores: Edelmira Pasarella / Jorge Lobo / 
Palabras Clave:

2 - An operational framework to reason about policy behavior in trust management systems (High-level Work)

In this paper we show that the logical framework proposed by Becker et al. to reason about security policy behavior in a trust management context can be captured by an operational framework that is based on the language proposed by Miller to deal with scoping and/or modules in logic programming in 1989. The framework of Becker et al. uses propositional Horn clauses to represent both policies and credentials, implications in clauses are interpreted in counterfactual logic, a Hilbert-style proof is defined and a system based on SAT is used to proof whether properties about credentials, permissions and policies are valid in trust management systems, i.e. formulas that are true for all possible policies. Our contribution is to show that instead of using a SAT system, this kind of validation can rely on the operational semantics (derivability relation) of Miller’s language, which is very close to derivability in logic programs, opening up the possibility to extend Becker et al.’s framework to the more practical first order case since Miller’s language is first order.

Autores: Edelmira Pasarella / Jorge Lobo / 
Palabras Clave:

3 - A Datalog Framework for Modeling Relationship-based Access Control Policies (Trabajo ya publicado)

Relationships like friendship to limit access to resources have been part of social network applications since their beginnings. Describing access control policies in terms of relationships is not particular to social networks and it arises naturally in many situations. Hence, we have recently seen several proposals formalizing different Relationship-based Access Control (ReBAC) models. In this paper, we introduce a class of Datalog programs suitable for modeling ReBAC and argue that this class of programs, that we called ReBAC Datalog policies, provides a very general framework to specify and implement ReBAC policies. To support our claim, we first formalize the merging of two recent proposals for modeling ReBAC, one based on hybrid logic and the other one based on path regular expressions. We present extensions to handle negative authorizations and temporal policies. We describe mechanism for policy analysis, and then discuss the feasibility of using Datalog-based systems as implementations.

Autores: Edelmira Pasarella / Jorge Lobo / 
Palabras Clave: Datalog - Relationship-based Access Control - Security and privacy policies

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