Transformación y Optimización

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Artículos en la categoría Transformación y Optimización publicados en las Actas de las XVI Jornadas de Programación y Lenguajes (PROLE 2016).
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  • Artículo
    Towards Automatic Learning of Heuristics for Mechanical Transformations of Procedural Code
    Vigueras, Guillermo; Carro, Manuel; Tamarit, Salvador; Mariño, Julio. Actas de las XVI Jornadas de Programación y Lenguajes (PROLE 2016), 2016-09-02.
    The current trends in next-generation exascale systems go towards integrating a wide range of specialized (co-)processors into traditional supercomputers. Due to the efficiency of heterogeneous systems in terms of Watts and FLOPS per surface unit, opening the access of heterogeneous platforms to a range of users as wide as possible is an important problem to be tackled. However, the integration of heterogeneous, specialized devices increases programming complexity, restricting it to a few experts, and makes porting applications onto different computational infrastructures extremely costly. In order to bridge the gap between the programming needs of heterogeneous systems and the expertise of programmers, program transformation has been proposed elsewhere as a means to ease program generation and adaptation. This brings about several issues such as how to plan a transformation strategy which eventually generates code with increased performance. In this paper we propose a machine learning-based approach to learn heuristics for defining transformation strategies of a program transformation system. Our approach proposes a novel combination of reinforcement learning and classification methods to efficiently tackle the problems inherent to this type of systems. Preliminary results demonstrate the suitability of this approach.
  • Artículo
    Towards a Semantics-Aware Code Transformation Toolchain for Heterogeneous Systems
    Tamarit, Salvador; Mariño, Julio; Vigueras, Guillermo; Carro, Manuel. Actas de las XVI Jornadas de Programación y Lenguajes (PROLE 2016), 2016-09-02.
    Obtaining good performance when programming heterogeneous computing platforms poses significant challenges. We present a program transformation environment, implemented in Haskell, where architecture-agnostic scientific C code with semantic annotations is transformed into functionally equivalent code better suited for a given platform. The transformation steps are represented as rules which can be fired when certain syntactic and semantic conditions are fulfilled. These rules are not hard-wired into the rewriting engine: they are written in a C-like language and are automatically processed and incorporated by the rewriting engine. That makes it possible for end-users to add their own rules or to provide sets of rules which are adapted to certain specific domains or purposes.
  • Artículo
    Metapredicate Optimization for Datalog Queries through Program Analysis
    Bueno, Francisco; Correas, Jesús; Saenz-Perez, Fernando. Actas de las XVI Jornadas de Programación y Lenguajes (PROLE 2016), 2016-09-02.
    Some systems extend Datalog in order to allow the use of constructions in which several queries are composed to produce the set of resulting tuples. These constructions include outer joins, aggregate and grouping predicates, as well as, to some extent, negation. Typically, the result of such constructions depends on the subset of the tuples in the sets initially computed. In order to optimize for efficiency these compound queries, it would be interesting to determine in advance the subsets involved in the compound construct. Static analysis can be used at compile-time to infer an over-approximation of such subsets. Very precise abstract interpretation-based static analyzers have been developed for logic languages, and in particular the use of type domains allow to infer descriptive types for the arguments of a given predicate. Using the extensional description of the types inferred, the Datalog program can then be transformed to use the inferred subsets instead of the original queries. Here, we propose a source-to-source transformation of Datalog programs based on static analysis for optimizing queries involving outer join, negation, aggregate and grouping predicates. This approach has been tested in the DES system, using CiaoPP (a language preprocessor for Prolog) for inferring descriptive types. Some preliminary experiments show promising results.